Is Budapest in Europe or Asia?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Pub Crawl Budapest

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Budapest is the capital city of Hungary and it is located in the central part of the country. Often regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, Budapest is famous for its stunning architecture, rich history, and vibrant cultural scene. But when it comes to its location, there is sometimes confusion about whether Budapest is in Europe or Asia. In this blog post, we will explore this question and provide you with a clear answer.

The Geographical Location of Budapest

Budapest is situated on the banks of the Danube River, which cuts through the city and separates it into two parts: Buda and Pest. The historical center of Budapest lies on the hilly Buda side, while the flat Pest side is home to the commercial and administrative districts of the city.

Geographically speaking, Budapest is located in Central Europe. It is situated approximately 250 kilometers (155 miles) southeast of Vienna, Austria, and about 350 kilometers (220 miles) northwest of Bucharest, Romania. The coordinates of Budapest are approximately 47.4980° N latitude and 19.0399° E longitude.

The Historical Background

The confusion about whether Budapest is in Europe or Asia stems from the fact that Hungary, the country in which Budapest is located, has a complex history. Hungary has been influenced by various cultures and empires throughout the centuries.

During the Roman Empire, the region that is now Hungary was part of the province of Pannonia, which was in Europe. Later on, Hungary was occupied by the Ottoman Empire, which had its center in Istanbul, Turkey, considered to be a transcontinental city between Europe and Asia.

However, it is important to note that although Hungary was under Ottoman rule, Budapest as a city did not exist at that time. It was only in 1873 that the separate cities of Buda, Pest, and Óbuda (Old Buda) were officially merged to create Budapest.

After the Ottoman Empire, Hungary was under the control of the Habsburg monarchy, which was based in Vienna. The Habsburgs ruled over a vast territory, most of which was in Europe. This further solidifies the European identity of Budapest and Hungary as a whole.

Cultural and Political Affiliation

In addition to its geographical and historical positioning, Budapest and Hungary have closer cultural and political ties to Europe. Hungary is a member of the European Union (EU) since 2004 and part of the Schengen Area, which allows for passport-free travel between European countries.

Furthermore, the Hungarian language, which is spoken in Budapest and throughout the country, belongs to the Finno-Ugric language family. This language group is distinct from the Indo-European languages spoken in most of Europe. However, it is important to note that Hungary’s linguistic heritage does not necessarily place it in Asia, as its neighboring countries, such as Austria and Slovakia, also have non-Indo-European languages.


To answer the question “Is Budapest in Europe or Asia?,” Budapest is unequivocally situated in Europe. While it may have historical connections to the Ottoman Empire, its geographical location in Central Europe, its historical affiliation with European powers, and its cultural and political ties to Europe firmly establish its European identity.

If you are planning a trip to Budapest, rest assured that you are visiting a European city with a rich history, fascinating culture, and breathtaking sights. Enjoy exploring this beautiful capital and immerse yourself in its European charm!

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Is Budapest in Europe or Asia?